Navire quittant le port du Havre, 1851, photographie de Louis-Cyrus Macaire
Sailing ship leaving the port of Le Havre, 1851, photograph by Louis-Cyrus Macaire
Source: Gallica, Bibliotheque Nationale de France
Used with permission
de Philippe et Gilles Houdry, 2002
by Philippe and Gilles Houdry, 2002
Having consulted the list of inhabitants of the village of Hargarten-aux-Mines, between St. Avold and Bouzonville, we have discovered some of the descendants of our ancestors mentioned above, especially related to their granddaughter Elisabeth BOUTTER.
In this same work, related to the villagers of Hargarten-aux-Mines, the author writes: “Pierre BREM and Elisabeth BOUTTER: he asked his wife to sell building and furniture to pay for her trip, as well as that of her two children.” (Source: Cote 312 U58 dated 13 March 1846) Where was this family going, to sell all of its possessions in this way?
Quickly intrigued, we investigated the why and the how of such an adventure. To better understand them, we first had to understand the global context of this emigration, most especially for the Moselle, when that was possible. Then we researched the family documentation to flesh out the life of these distant relatives.
For practical reasons, especially linked to the difficulty of researching the United States in the 19th century, this article is split into two parts. The first of them is going to describe the trip that led Pierre BREM, Elisabeth BOUTTER and their children, from their village of Hargarten-aux-Mines to their embarkation at the Port of Le Havre. The second part will be published as part of next year's schedule and will tell the rest of their adventures, from the crossing of the Atlantic up to the settling of the family in New York.
In smaller measure, which did not affect the family BREM-BOUTTER, the origin of emigration also related to religious or political persecutions, the avoidance of military service of young men and also, beginning in 1849, the rush for gold in California.
NOTE: This is not the story of the ancestors of Ms. Gosz, but provides valuable insights into the emigration experience of thousands of German and French emigrants of the time.